In today’s post, we will discuss the security and privacy threats posed by AR and what can we do to prevent and solve the issues.
Major Security Issues of AR
The following are some of the problems related to the use of AR.
New ways of data collection
The data collection abilities of companies running online services are bound with issues like browsing patterns and experiences with user interfaces when most apps are available for desktop and laptop computers. Some businesses gained the power to watch the positions and gestures of users and see the world through their phone cameras with the rise of mobile devices. AR headsets gather data about the movements of your eyes and ears and all sorts of responses to different visual content. They can record even more data about your physical behavior if they’re fitted with hand props and gesture recognition technology. In case these devices hack, not only is your personal information compromised but each and everything you see is also visible to the cybercriminals. You can imagine the kind of privacy breaches this poses.
New ways of data overlaying
Improved reality is about overlaying the real world with augmented graphics and statistics. The information provided by AR apps are in use for players, consumers, architects, and technical staff to make real-world decisions. If hackers access an application and start displaying fake information and graphic objects on the AR track or glasses of a victim, they can cause potential harm. Imagine, for example, a doctor monitoring vital signs of patients through an AR watch, only to face the wrong numbers and failing to respond to a person who needs serious attention. Imagine how fake signs displayed on the streets or the top of shops will confuse people to make mistakes
AR browsers help the process of augmentation, but the content production and distribution is by third party vendors and applications. It raises the question of unreliability as AR is a new domain and the process of validated content generation and transmission must be authentic. A variety of cyber threats such as sniffing, spoofing, manipulation of data, and man-in-middle attacks will render the information inaccurate even if the source is real. Developers also need to disable the security features of browsers not compatible with AR. Furthermore, AR lacks a consistent or standardized level of security. Augmented Reality Markup Language (ARML) has no robust security controls and is not practiced either.
Techniques to avoid AR issues
Never share information that you feel is sensitive. For example, if an AR app for weather conditions asks you for your payment information, it is evident that it is not needed to provide your service.
The above is possible if you are aware of the applications you use or the company you are dealing with. Research about the ways they collect your data, why they need it, where do they send it, who they are sharing with, and everything else. Make it a habit to read the privacy policies of products you use.
Secure your internet usage by using a VPN. If you must provide your personal information, a VPN will make sure it is safe and your identification will not compromise.
Lack of security precautionary measures in designing, constructing, and distributing IoT devices has already generated cybersecurity problems which have become very difficult to fix In their rush to hit the market and avoid behind the competitors, device manufacturers ship millions of devices with vulnerabilities that are easy to exploit. That is a lesson to absorb in the heart by the AR, VR, and other industries. When creating products we have to think about safety incidents, not after they happen.