16 Uncomfortable Questions Everyone Needs To Ask About Artificial Intelligence

Just nine giant tech companies in the U.S. and China are behind the vast majority of advancements in artificial intelligence worldwide. In her new book, The Big Nine: How the Tech Titans and Their Thinking Machines Could Warp Humanity (PublicAffairs, March 5), Amy Webb envisions three possible futures, ranging from optimistic to apocalyptic, that could result from the actions we take--or don't take--to control the development of A.I. and shape its global impact. In this excerpt, she puts forth a series of tough ethical questions that the humans building A.I. systems should use to guide their work.

The rules--the algorithm--by which every culture, society, and nation lives, and has ever lived, were always created by just a few people. Democracy, communism, socialism, religion, veganism, nativism, colonialism--these are constructs we've developed throughout history to help guide our decisions. Even in the best cases, they aren't future-proof. Technological, social, and economic forces always intervene and cause us to adapt. READ MORE ON: INC

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BasicsYusra Hamid