With the advent of new trends and innovations, it has become more exciting to work in any field in this era. Now we don’t talk about a profession; we talk about the technologies related to it and making it grow. The same is true for healthcare. Health technology includes all tools, medications, vaccines, procedures, and systems designed to streamline health care processes, cut costs, and improve patient quality.
Artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain, voice search, chatbots, and virtual reality (VR) are among the most promising health technologies in 2019. It’s only fair if we use these to leverage the quality of life and standards of living. Healthcare organizations can improve patient health outcomes, be cost-effective, and provide quality care by adopting these new technologies. It also benefits patients as they can better check and control their health information.

It shows that technology can help ensure that everyone has a better, safer future. Today we will talk about the latest trends and technologies of 2020 that are helping us give it better to medical staff and customers.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is speeding up the retrieval and processing of health care data much quicker than a human can and that with much greater efficiency. Another important use case of AI and ML algorithms is to identify and diagnose health problems such as physical and mental disorders. These algorithms have proved to be beneficial in studying test results and drawing conclusions.

Google has recently formed an A.I for the analysis of breast cancer under the name “DeepMind.” On an average of 11.5%, the algorithms identify successful breast cancer from pre-selected datasets, outperforming all human radiologists. This means a pathway can lead the analysis of even more complex medical diseases with higher accuracy. AI is also used to analyze a patient’s Electronic Health Record (EHR) information to more efficient, identify their health issues, and find different ways to handle it. Besides, AI can detect irregularities in MRI and X-ray scans to improve the pathology and radiology fields.

Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)

The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) is a combination of medical devices and applications that can connect various healthcare architectures and systems to make the system more efficient. The applications are many and use cases are widespread. IoMT in use not only to globalize records and data of patients but also to treatments and medicines. This means every doctor can access the data of a patient from a central database, so patients in a particular city or country can get the same treatment every year and every doctor is aware of their history throughout that place.
IoMT is facing some regulatory issues and issues and more problems while deploying it in areas where the technologies as absent. To get the benefit of this technology, we first have to make these technologies available to every city and town.
According to HPE Aruba, soon implantable chips like glucose-monitoring systems will give patients (and their doctors) access to their biodata on their smartphones via apps for better monitoring.

Blockchain

Blockchain is not only useful in healthcare for the hype about bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. The important thing about blockchain, instead, is the digital data storage that creates the transaction ledger that is not only transparent but impossible to manipulate. When you use blockchain to obtain data, the information you enter, and all of your data will stay with you rather than being stored on some server owned by the company providing the services. Talk about security and privacy!

Augmented Reality (AR)

In medicine, AR can help to improve health, administer vaccines, and help with major outcomes of operations. AR is often used to make certain tasks more efficient, such as saving and analyzing patient records and vital signs in real-time while a doctor examines a patient. Additionally, Augmented Reality has the potential to construct live visuals of ‘insides’ of a patient by using 3D scans and CAT scans. AR glasses are on the same principle by Cambridge consultants in Boston, Massachusetts, that allow us to see through the patients’ internals to Doctors using scans.

Virtual Reality (VR)

like AR, Virtual Reality (VR) can also assist in clinician preparation through simulation, patient education, and treatment help. Some of these have been researched by the University of Birmingham; that VR headsets showing nature scenes were there to help people sleep better and relax more. Another research involved VR headsets being in use to teach patients how to timely inhale and exhale with game design of aiming a trebuchet launch a projectile into the sea. For the training of medical practitioners’s/hospital staff, VR headsets are also being in use at Torbay Hospital, South Devon to teach them to better empathize with patients. The implementation could be across the world to improve patient care and in teaching important materials in healthcare to professionals.

 
Companies like Osso VR and ImmersiveTouch have developed programs on VR to train future surgeons and help existing surgeons in performing operations. On this, a study by Harvard Business Review showed that surgeons who did use the VR technique to train had a 230% improvement in their performance as compared to their traditional trained counterparts. The VR trained surgeons were also more accurate and faster in performing surgical procedures.
Furthermore, to distract a patient from their pain and offer relief, VR Pain Relief uses a virtual world of landscapes and changing seasons. This can have some great applications for child specialists. Alongside this, VR headsets can be in use for the treatments of various phobias to reduce fear. While it has been used to desensitize arachnophobes (people who fear spiders) by 83%, it has the potential to treat more types of phobias.

Robotics

It is predicted that the global robotics market will rise from $71 billion in 2015 to $135.4 billion in 2019, a 17% annual growth rate. Market revenue for health care robots is also estimated to increase from $1.7 billion in 2016 to $2.8 billion in 2021. We have seen many robots performing invasive surgeries in the previous year.

Robotics can also work hand in hand with health information technology to allow autonomous data collection that can provide reliable data for health IT professionals in various health care fields, such as surgery, drug delivery, cognitive recovery, and patient management. To take it a step further, remote surgeries by Doctors using specialized robotics such as the ‘Da Vinci surgery robot’ will be a possibility via super-fast 5G connections.

3D Printing:

On another side of robotics, 3D printing has been growing in recent years, and soon and moving towards the future, it could be possible to 3D print or Bio-print tissue structures using living cells. Research at TU Wien in Vienna, Austria has been developing a high-resolution 3D printing technique to create precisely and ‘guided’ tissue structures. Living synthetic organ generation could be a possibility and help the world.

Medical Tricorder:

Every doctor wants to have an omnipotent and all-knowing device to diagnose and analyze any disease. Like the medical tricorder used in the fictional Star Trek series, which was a portable device that scanned patients and gave out a diagnosis, we could be close to something like that. A hand-held device, the Viatom CheckMe Pro, can measure heart rate, temperature, oxygen saturation, blood pressure, ECG, and more. Moreover, another one from BioIntelliSens is BioSticker – it can measure a huge range of parameters like heart rate, skin temperature, activity levels, body positions, gait, respiratory rate, sleep status, and more.
 
Though we are far from the actual tricorder, the future does hold immense improvements in scanning diseases by using different technologies and can even be smartphone-integrable.

Conclusion

It is the combination of technology with different fields that will lead us to the future of globalization experts talk about. It will be difficult to name different fields as science and artwork together in the future. Now is the time to embrace this change and work together so we can all see a better world where everything and everyone can benefit from these technological advances.