AI is no doubt the leader of the tech today but Quantum Computing is the technology that will shape our future. We will see a booming transitional phase over the next five to ten years as quantum innovations become part of the mainstream computing environment. Such modern machines will have high design and performance variability, and will not have a simple programming model nor will they be generally applicable to all problems. The work on these early quantum computer systems will help address these problems. Although the technology is still budding, scientists are extremely optimistic about what it has to give to humanity. Let’s see some advantages and applications of Quantum Computing to know if it’s worth all the effort.

Benefits of Quantum Computing

The following are some of the advantages of Quantum Computing that make it so desirable for our world.

  • Quantum Computers will deliver enormous speed for specific problems. Researchers are working to build algorithms to find out and solve the problems suitable for quantum speed-ups.
  • The speed of quantum computers will improve many of our technologies that need immense computation power like Machine Learning, 5G (and even faster internet speeds), bullet trains (and many other transport methods), and many more.
  • Quantum computing is extremely important in the current age of Big Data, as we need efficient computers to process the huge amount of data we are producing daily.
  • Despite being highly computational, Quantum computers can reduce power consumption from 100 to 1000 times they use Quantum tunneling.

Applications of Quantum Computing

The following are some of the fields where Quantum Computing can be applied to make them more efficient than ever.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a key and one of the best technologies of quantum computing. AI is built on the concept of learning from experience, becoming more accurate depending on the feedback is provided until the computer program begins to show “intelligence.” This feedback is based on estimating the probabilities for many possible choices and therefore AI is an ideal candidate for quantum computing. It aims to change many industries, from cars to medicine, and it has been said that AI will be what electricity was to the twentieth and twenty-first century.

Hardware and Software Error Simulation

Large software programs with millions of lines of code or hardware systems with billions of transistors can be extremely difficult and expensive to verify for correctness. Billions or trillions of different states can exist and it is impracticable and impossible for a classical computer to check and simulate every single one. Not only do we need to understand what is happening when the system normally operates but we also want to know what happens if an error occurs. Can our device identify it and has a coping mechanism to alleviate any potential problems? Through the use of quantum computing to assist with these simulations, one can hopefully provide much better coverage of their simulations with a considerably improved time.

Cryptography

Most online security systems nowadays depend on the complexity of factoring large numbers into primes. While this can be achieved by using digital computers to scan through every possible factor, the enormous amount of time needed makes it expensive and impractical to “crack the code.” Quantum computers can compute these factors exponentially more efficiently than digital computers, meaning such methods of security will soon become obsolete. There are also innovative methods of quantum encryption that are built using the one-way nature of quantum interdependence. Networks across cities have already been demonstrated in various countries.

Conclusion

While quantum computing already influences the above-mentioned fields, the list is by no means complete and that is the most amazing part. As with all new technologies, applications that are currently unimaginable will be developed as the hardware keeps evolving and creating new opportunities.